First, students use M&M® candies to create pie graphs that express their understanding of the composition of air. Students work in teams to create PM monitoring devices to different sites around the school. Their study was part of a local community-wide collaboration through CLEAR in Schools, managed by the Coalition for Clean Air. Some people also consider sound pollution a type of air pollution because sound waves travel through the air. After all the students have found their partners, ask them to read their sayings and meanings aloud to the rest of the class. Browse the TeachEngineering NGSS Engineering-aligned Physics Curriculum hub for additional Physics and Physical Science curriculum featuring Engineering. Air pollution is becoming an increasing concern as we learn more about the adverse health effects of poor air quality. The air pollution cycle. oxygen: A colorless, tasteless, odorless gaseous element that constitutes 21% of the atmosphere. stratosphere: The layer of air that extends from about 10 to 30 miles above the Earth's surface. Engineers play integral roles in the problems of and the solutions to air pollution. Abbreviated as RFG. volatile organic compound: An organic chemical containing carbon that escapes into the air easily. Everyday sources of air pollution.copyrightCopyright © World Health Organization https://www.who.int/airpollution/infographics/Air-pollution-INFOGRAPHICS-English-4-1200px.jpg?ua=1. Walpole, Brenda. We must have air to survive. It keeps the Earth warm and protects it from harmful radiation. Today, many more people live in our world, and we are rapidly polluting this essential resource which is contributing to climate change. Ask the students to walk around and find their partner. 85. Students will then conduct before and after measurements to see the effects that exercise has on their own heartbeat and breathing rates. The contents of this digital library curriculum were developed under grants from the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE), U.S. Department of Education and National Science Foundation (GK-12 grant no. ), Does the quality of our air matter? Figure 1. Air Pollution: What's the Solution? Unit includes 2 lesson plans, 2 case study readings, and 1 background reading. Invite someone from the EPA (or other local person responsible for monitoring air quality) to your classroom. Accessed November 2, 2020. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=P1002XAM.txt. In 1987, more than 20 nations signed an agreement to limit CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) production and work towards eliminating them altogether. The Air I Breathe. Step 1: Have students think of one way they can help to keep our air, water, and land clean. Abbreviated as O3. Using the numbers of days with air quality rating of good, have the students draw a best fit curve to show trends in air quality in each location. During this lesson, students will observe the formation of ozone and the effects of ozone, particulate matter (PM 2.5 and PM 10), and carbon monoxide on the lungs. Students learn the basics about the structure of the Earth’s atmosphere, the types of pollutants that are present in the atmosphere (primary, secondary, gas-phase compounds, particulate matter), and the importance of air quality research. 0338326). 5 min: Review vocabulary terms dealing with the lesson. During this lesson, students will write a formal communication to a target audience suggesting regulations to improve air quality by restricting CO emissions. Abbreviated as O. ozone: Ground-level ozone is the principal component of smog, created from chemical reactions of pollutants; VOCs, and NOX. pollutant: A harmful chemical or waste material discharged into the water or atmosphere. How do they dispose of the waste? This lesson is about air pollution awareness. Case study lesson on air pollution connects historic local issue with current global challenges. carbon dioxide: A colorless, highly poisonous odorless gas made of one carbon and two oxygen atoms formed during breathing, combustion and biomass decaying, which adds to the greenhouse effect by retaining infrared radiation within the atmosphere. Students will learn how to calculate the amount of CO2 is emitted from each light bulb. fossil fuel: A material that forms naturally, underground from the remains of ancient organisms (plants and animals) from millions of years ago. High School and Middle School Air Quality Education Program 7-1 WHAT ARE THE HEALTH IMPACTS OF AIR POLLUTION? U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Engineers begin with these same basic understandings of air and air pollution in order to develop air pollution prevention and clean-up techniques and technologies. Some activities or lessons, however, were developed to stand alone, and hence, they might not conform to this strict hierarchy. Ask questions to identify and clarify evidence of an argument. May 1, 2002. Example VOCs include some hairspray, cleaners, air fresheners and paints. In the 17th century, John Evelyn wrote two books about pollution (about smoke pollution in London and about plans to save woodlands). Students are introduced to the human respiratory system. In this educational resource page you will find lesson plans and teaching tips about Science learn more about the ozone, carbon dioxide, pollution, waste, greenhouse gases, and smoke. Students will gain an understanding of the Air Quality Index. i.e., most hands-on activities are part of lessons, lessons are grouped into multiday We can tell that air is at work when objects (leaves, branches, flags, clouds) are moving, and when thunder is crashing. It involves creating a simple model that demonstrates how pollution can be drawn up into plants. Biology lesson plans, labs, activities, experiments, and projects for high school life science teachers. Field Study to Measure Air Quality. All 100,000+ K-12 STEM standards covered in TeachEngineering are collected, maintained and packaged by the Achievement Standards Network (ASN), Register to download toolkit . Lesson Plan Lesson Preparation • Read the Science Background provided in the Unit’s Overview, ... to air pollution, which sometimes reduces the visibility over the islands, causing a smog-like condition called vog (the shortened term for volcanic emissions). This could become an everyday experience if we continue to neglect and mistreat this essential natural resource. In general, reducing energy use (especially in our homes) can be an important contribution to improving air quality. October 5, 2002. Abbreviated as CFC. Air allows us to see (light travels through air very quickly). Although often overlooked, … Lesson Planet. Middle School Lesson Plans. See the Background section for more details. During this lesson, students will use a computer simulation at Air Info Now or Smog City (for advanced students) to explain the relationship between city size, temperature, and air quality. At the end of the week, students complete data sheets and a class comparison table and results from all the monitors are compared and discussed. One consequence was a great increase in pollution emitted into our skies (see Figure 3). Pollutants are substances, or even energy, that contaminate our air and harm living things (and some non-living ones, too). We cannot usually see it or taste it. MS-ESS3-5. An additional activity that demonstrates the presence of air and how it is useful is playing with parachutes. Step 1: Create a list of words that remind you of pollution and words that remind you of a clean environment. However, you can feel air when it moves and you can see the effects of air on your surroundings. Encourage students to ask questions about the types, causes and levels of air pollution in your community, and what measures are in place to improve the air quality. Abbreviated as CO. chlorofluorocarbon: Any of various compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, chlorine and fluorine, once used widely as aerosol propellants and refrigerants. Read more about air pollution in the attached Air Pollution Reading and Health Effects Reading. I like to split the class into small groups and then have them each read different articles. In 1990, Congress passed the Clean Air Act, which requires industry and individuals to take additional steps to clean the air in our cities. reformulated gasoline: A cleaner-burning form of gasoline that reduces the amount of pollutants emitted into the air through tailpipes and via evaporation from the gas tank. Air pollutants consist of numerous particulates, fibers, mists, molds, bacteria, and gases. High School Lesson Plans. Environmental effects are also numerous. Because air is essential to our survival, our bodies are constantly interacting with it. Indoor air pollution causes just as many health problems around the globe as outdoor air pollution. Students will learn about the parts and function of the respiratory system. What types of waste do they produce? These changes over time have a negative impact on our environment and contribute to climate change, which is the shift in long term weather patterns that can cause warmer/colder temperatures and alter the average amount of rainfall or snowfall in a particular area. A good extension to this lesson is to have students get into groups and create posters about air pollution using one of the new vocabulary words. P = Population Dynamics ... to deduce what human activities contribute to air pollution and suggest possible solutions. The lesson plans and materials have been developed for upper Key Stage 2 pupils, all in . Smoke and fumes containing carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide from power stations and factories are the worst offenders. Copyright © World Health Organization https://www.who.int/airpollution/infographics/Air-pollution-INFOGRAPHICS-English-4-1200px.jpg?ua=1, Middle School Very fine dust in the air can actually enter our bloodstream directly and cause both respiratory and cardiovascular problems. Lesson Plans for Teachers, TCEQ, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. DEP Environmental Education Curricula Lesson Plan GRADE/LEVEL: Middle School LESSON TITLE: Air Pollution Next Generation Science Standards MS-LS2 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, Dynamics MS-LS2-4 Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations. Reducing the level of climate change and reducing human vulnerability to whatever climate changes do occur depend on the understanding of climate science, engineering capabilities, and other kinds of knowledge, such as understanding of human behavior and on applying that knowledge wisely in decisions and activities. Accessed November 2, 2020. www.epa.gov/clean-air-act-overview/plain-english-guide-clean-air-act. We need to find better ways to protect and improve our air. Students will learn about populations that are at highest risk from pollution. Who Cares? Air Pressure Experiments: I Can't Take the Pressure! Look for relationships and trends among the data collected via real time sources. Students will explore the nature of the air we breathe by observing petri dishes that have accumulated particulate matter from the atmosphere. Air Pollution Tragedy: A Case Study Lesson. It's basic but I want to get a lot of conversations about it. within type by subtype, then by grade, etc. Originally found at: www.tceq.state.tx.us, Kalman, Bobbie and Schaub, Janine. Let the children identify what is wrong in the pictures. Articles and Activities for Middle School Students to Learn about Nonpoint Source Pollution. asthma: A condition, often caused by allergies, that causes a tightness in the chest (breathing tubes become swollen), difficulty breathing (cannot get enough air) and wheezing. Air Pollution. Give students parts from the The Day the Air Pollution Gremlins Came to Town, a short plan, and have them come up with their own play. Air Quality Brochure Discussion Questions: Have students respond to discussion questions provided in the Introduction / Motivation section. The purpose of the lesson is to explore the relationship between temperature and inversion layers. class) 5 min: Introduce the lesson; causes of pollution . to something in the air (such as pollen, dust, dander, pollution, etc.). Environmental Issues Lesson Plans for English Language Teachers. The purpose of the lesson is to engage the students in a discussion about the relationship between specific vehicles and pollution. ), Indoor air pollution is becoming a large concern for environmental engineers because the majority of the public's time is spent indoors. These are ground-level ozone, particle pollution (also known as particulate matter), carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide. This is a list of lesson plans for middle school grade level. Students will: Focus on the science behind air quality issues. The purpose of the lesson is for the students to be able to apply knowledge of convection, inversion layers, CO emissions, and city growth to plan a possible solution. 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