0000217207 00000 n Overall, households with multiple livelihood strategies had diverse food entitlements to maintain sustainable food consumption. 0000214018 00000 n 0000263011 00000 n 8. 0000183238 00000 n 0000278119 00000 n 0000232297 00000 n The conclusion is reached that removal of constraints to, and expansion of opportunities for, diversification are desirable policy objectives because they give individuals and households more capabilities to improve livelihood security and to raise living standards. 0000028441 00000 n 0000250544 00000 n 0000227996 00000 n We prioritise the most vulnerable in the rural, urban and camp-based contexts that NRC operates in. 0000227167 00000 n 0000213563 00000 n We prioritise the most vulnerable in the rural, … 0000196898 00000 n 0000270798 00000 n 0000016016 00000 n 0000275983 00000 n 0000255266 00000 n The Global Livelihoods and Food Security (LFS) strategy aims to improve NRC’s ability to reach and provide sufficient, appropriate and holistic food and livelihood assistance to people affected by displacement. 0000264691 00000 n Having clear picture on food security status and its major determinants helps policy makers and planners to devise new policies that enhance food security. This perspective sees a positive and crucial role for the world’s 475 million small farmers who are responsible for feeding 70% of the world’s population. and returns to any given livelihood strategy (DFID, 2000). Save the Children is a key player in food security and livelihoods work in Ethiopia, ranging from life saving food distributions to long-term livelihood improvement and market support. 0000248699 00000 n 0000301000 00000 n 0000230915 00000 n 0000249314 00000 n 0000263622 00000 n 0000259500 00000 n 0000275373 00000 n 0000211592 00000 n 0000293805 00000 n 0000213411 00000 n II DECLARATION I declare that livelihoods and coping strategies of rural households in Abela Lida Peasant Association of Shebedino district, Sidama zone in Southern region of Ethiopia is my own work 0000303343 00000 n 0000210832 00000 n 0000252537 00000 n 0000085914 00000 n 0000227014 00000 n 0000083008 00000 n 0000216601 00000 n 0000266521 00000 n • Targeting marginalised groups such as women and IDPs is crucial to reducing vulnerability and building resilience. 0000193677 00000 n 0000030984 00000 n 0000107520 00000 n 0000279342 00000 n 0000073231 00000 n 0000150602 00000 n 3. 0000218724 00000 n Rural livelihoods, food security and rural transformation under climate change 3 Taken together, implementing these elements for action simultaneously would constitute a new approach to innovation and enabling it: co-creating new knowledge, “renovating” existing but as-yet under-utilized scientific and 0000209772 00000 n 0000197817 00000 n 0000086118 00000 n ... Food Policy. 0000280871 00000 n 0000292171 00000 n 0000275527 00000 n 0000216904 00000 n 0000215690 00000 n 0000271410 00000 n 0000198124 00000 n 0000263317 00000 n 0000030477 00000 n 0000227841 00000 n 0000231220 00000 n 0000286394 00000 n 0000249774 00000 n 0000186597 00000 n 0000255416 00000 n 0000254594 00000 n 0000262860 00000 n 0000257672 00000 n 0000286548 00000 n 0000300767 00000 n In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought. 0000261793 00000 n 0000204428 00000 n 0000230762 00000 n 0000237509 00000 n 0000214778 00000 n 0000210227 00000 n 0000240265 00000 n 0000182323 00000 n Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. 0000210378 00000 n 0000301864 00000 n 0000081183 00000 n 0000262707 00000 n poor and vulnerable face is that the processes which frame their livelihoods may systematically restrict them unless the government adopts pro-poor policies that, in turn, filterdown to legislation and even less formal processes. 0000258280 00000 n 0000249468 00000 n 0000259958 00000 n 0000250082 00000 n 0000237204 00000 n 0000136224 00000 n 0000228150 00000 n 0000285475 00000 n 0000278425 00000 n 0000246556 00000 n 0000292563 00000 n 0000236592 00000 n 0000253152 00000 n 0000198738 00000 n 0000079840 00000 n 0000232604 00000 n 0000282093 00000 n 0000253760 00000 n Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia 0000268811 00000 n 0000233219 00000 n 0000242567 00000 n 0000239345 00000 n 0000274304 00000 n 0000216146 00000 n 0000260724 00000 n 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. 0000205043 00000 n 0000198431 00000 n 0000303887 00000 n 0000028762 00000 n 0000212652 00000 n 0000216298 00000 n 0000221155 00000 n FAO advocates for a twin-track approach to food security associating specific policies for rapid food security and livelihood support of food insecure households and communities, with a long-term strategy for sustainable growth. 0000253457 00000 n 0000238886 00000 n 0000232450 00000 n In Ethiopia, Bangladesh and Mali, for example, migration is widespread and in all three cases it is linked to income generation strategies (McDowell and de Haan, 1997). • Food security Policies and institutions • Structures — Government — Private sector • Processes — Laws — Policies — Cultures — Institutions Capital assets Livelihood strategies Social Human Natural Physical Financial. save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies, while also addressing nutritional problems, supporting continued access to education and strengthening local capacities. Solutions to food insecurity can therefore succeed only if they reinforce broader strategies for sustainable development. 0000265302 00000 n 0000269421 00000 n 0000228765 00000 n 0000268353 00000 n National Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding: 2004--- Labour Proclamation No. 0000276441 00000 n 0000243796 00000 n 0000208147 00000 n 0000218269 00000 n 0000208451 00000 n 0000207425 00000 n 0000185988 00000 n 0000198891 00000 n 0000274152 00000 n 0000182629 00000 n 0000198278 00000 n 0000300718 00000 n 0000267743 00000 n 0000086299 00000 n 0000293999 00000 n 0000271714 00000 n 0000188738 00000 n 0000266215 00000 n 0000283323 00000 n 0000082343 00000 n 0000228611 00000 n 0000284551 00000 n 0000278577 00000 n 0000201662 00000 n 0000201969 00000 n Livelihood Strategies and Outcomes Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood … 0000229380 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 0000278272 00000 n 0000220699 00000 n 0000238732 00000 n 0000183085 00000 n 0000283631 00000 n However, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, rapid urbanization in the developing world has jeopardized livelihoods … Assess the food security situation and coping mechanism of the refugees and their host communities. Determinants of livelihood strategies in Wolaita, southern Ethiopia 0000299981 00000 n 0000194748 00000 n 0000178400 00000 n 0000193370 00000 n 0000182018 00000 n 0000230609 00000 n 0000215083 00000 n 0000272476 00000 n 0000230455 00000 n 0000266978 00000 n 0000221306 00000 n This suggests a need to rethink dominant policy ... research on the relationships between livelihood strategies and food security, focusing in particular on the different 0000215538 00000 n 0000187664 00000 n 0000248852 00000 n 0000192602 00000 n 0000211287 00000 n 0000268964 00000 n 0000244409 00000 n 0000149677 00000 n 0000278883 00000 n 0000121716 00000 n In the severe and widespread drought of 2000, outside observers concluded that, except in extreme pockets of isolation or insecurity, there was no significant 0000226343 00000 n 0000235827 00000 n 0000272932 00000 n 0000209925 00000 n 0000270493 00000 n 1. Policy Framework for Food Security in Pastoralist Areas Consultative Draft December 2009 . i livelihoods and coping strategies of rural households in abela lida peasant association of shebedino district, southern ethiopia. 1. food security analysis, for example, take market concerns into account, with a view to determining what would be the most appropriate response (food and/or non-food) to meet immediate needs, while at the same time contributing to rebuilding food security and increasing the … 0000285321 00000 n 0000236132 00000 n 0000017947 00000 n Yet, necessity induced diversification was found to affect food access security of households. 0000299289 00000 n 0000260419 00000 n 0000303517 00000 n 0000214474 00000 n 0000245328 00000 n 0000210529 00000 n xref It also suggests strategies for mitigating and adapting to climate change in several key policy domains of importance for food security. 0000211743 00000 n 0000253306 00000 n 0000286087 00000 n 0000224148 00000 n 0000237357 00000 n 0000276289 00000 n 0000231989 00000 n 0000030255 00000 n 0000237661 00000 n 0000234600 00000 n 0000181713 00000 n 0000203352 00000 n 0000283477 00000 n 0000187359 00000 n 0000214931 00000 n 0000239804 00000 n 0000184918 00000 n Resilience and Livelihoods Change in Tigray, Ethiopia Bapu Vaitla,1 Girmay Tesfay,2 Megan Rounseville,1 Daniel Maxwell1 October 2012 1 Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, 114 Curtis Street, Somerville MA, USA 2 Department of Natural Resources Economics and Management, College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mekelle University, P.O. 0000254065 00000 n 0000210077 00000 n 0000218421 00000 n 0000244869 00000 n The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was INTRODUCTION About 870 million people in the world are estimated to 0000252999 00000 n 0000249006 00000 n 0000205351 00000 n 0000279954 00000 n 0000218572 00000 n 4. 0000277815 00000 n 0000192450 00000 n 0000223994 00000 n a thesis submitted to the This 0000194902 00000 n 0000228457 00000 n 0000286702 00000 n 0000277663 00000 n 0000302665 00000 n 0000282247 00000 n Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. 0000235519 00000 n ABSTRACT: Now a day food security issues become one of the critical concern and top priority area for developing countries. 0000240111 00000 n 0000242875 00000 n 0000271257 00000 n 0000275680 00000 n 0000286856 00000 n 0000206120 00000 n 0000199660 00000 n 0000205505 00000 n 0000199968 00000 n 0000244101 00000 n Ethiopia” and “Pastoral Ethiopia.” The FtF strategy is framed within the context of these “Three Ethiopias,” identifying comparative advantages and actions required in each to achieve national food security. 0000083615 00000 n 0000269727 00000 n 0000234905 00000 n 0000195669 00000 n 0000218117 00000 n 0000303068 00000 n 0000203044 00000 n 0000242721 00000 n 0000199352 00000 n 0000252231 00000 n 0000232757 00000 n 0000225674 00000 n 0000277205 00000 n Due to the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the study area, farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population. 0000186139 00000 n This document presents a conceptual framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions. 0000238121 00000 n 0000209165 00000 n 0000223452 00000 n livelihood strategies and food security in. 0000195363 00000 n 0000191987 00000 n 0000179901 00000 n wolayta, southern ethiopia: the case of boloso sore district. 0000182780 00000 n 0000232911 00000 n 0000085341 00000 n from rural to informal urban livelihoods as possible adaptive strategies for smallholder farmers. 0000177722 00000 n 0000231068 00000 n 0000188123 00000 n 0000196745 00000 n 0000179598 00000 n 0000066199 00000 n 0000264538 00000 n 0000287776 00000 n ZOA has a long-term commitment, enabling us to ensure that people, especially the poorest and most vulnerable, participate in activities toward sustainable livelihoods and food security. 0000265149 00000 n 0000285628 00000 n 0000286240 00000 n 0000226861 00000 n 0000240727 00000 n 0000239650 00000 n 0000266368 00000 n 0000275067 00000 n 0000264233 00000 n 0000204890 00000 n 0000188585 00000 n 0000231527 00000 n 0000257368 00000 n 0000218876 00000 n Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. 0000219180 00000 n 0000242106 00000 n 0000222611 00000 n Ethiopia is one of the most food … 0000133614 00000 n 0000080642 00000 n 0000261335 00000 n 0000193524 00000 n 0000305018 00000 n 0000214626 00000 n Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. 0000201510 00000 n 0000243182 00000 n 0000274914 00000 n For too long, the arid and semi-arid regions have suffered from recurring food shortages caused by drought, livestock disease, floods and conflict. 0000238426 00000 n Markets are becoming increasingly pivotal for pastoral household food security. 0000294208 00000 n 0000205966 00000 n 0000239192 00000 n LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS 22 5.1 General Livelihood Interventions 22 5.2 The Livelihood Pathway 22 5.3 Specific Livelihood Interventions for Households Located at Different Outcomes on the Livelihood Pathway 25 0000195055 00000 n 0000243336 00000 n 0000028898 00000 n 0000273999 00000 n 0000029332 00000 n LIVELIHOODS STRATEGIES POTENTIAL LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS LIVELIHOOD OBJECTIVES LIVELIHOOD PHASE Income Stabilization . 0000278730 00000 n 0000186902 00000 n investments in Ethiopia’s growth and transformation will result in a reduced need for humanitarian assistance as the country becomes more self-reliant. 0000201356 00000 n 0000220395 00000 n 0000221003 00000 n 0000197359 00000 n 0000274456 00000 n 0000275830 00000 n 0000249160 00000 n 0000259652 00000 n 0000285013 00000 n h��V{L[�?�6�~c (�6`iB��`cd��&RDq�4M׬����ry�5n�da-�. 0000197970 00000 n Poverty Food Insecurity And Livelihood Strategies In Rural Ethiopia The (pdf) rural households livelihood strategies and its impact on outcomes: the case of food security in wolaita zone southern ethiopia role diversification for household effects se curity status farm north 0000265759 00000 n 0000186444 00000 n Cite This Article: Jedidah Kandagor, and Dr. Kefa O. Nyandoro, “An Analysis of Livelihood Diversification to Food Security among Rural Households in Ndhiwa Sub County, Homa Bay County, Kenya.” Journal of Food Security, vol. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the status of food security in the study area, to identify the major determinants of food security among the rural household, and to identify coping strategies employed by different food security status groups to cope with food insecurity. 0000234446 00000 n 0 The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. Introduction . 0000297982 00000 n 0000217511 00000 n 0000237814 00000 n You have the right approach, since food aid, as it is currently applied, has not solved food insecurity. 0000029614 00000 n 0000270186 00000 n While cognizant of the need for continued support to poor, vulnerable 0000179749 00000 n 0000229227 00000 n 0000268505 00000 n Policies, institutions and processes have a direct impact upon weather people are able to achieve a feeling of inclusion and well-being. When rainfall is erratic or insufficient for even a few successive rainy seasons, the entire country is prone to falling into famine, where the rural suffers from the failure of its only and primary livelihood and the urban suffer from the supply of food. 0000181560 00000 n ASSESSING HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES AND FOOD SECURITY STATUS IN AMASAMAN, GHANA Author: Michael Tetteh Supervisor: Axel Fredholm . 1. 0000086494 00000 n 0000246710 00000 n 0000251157 00000 n 0000304405 00000 n 0000148698 00000 n 0000247015 00000 n 0000241339 00000 n 0000285781 00000 n 0000222066 00000 n 0000217055 00000 n 0000209468 00000 n adugna eneyew bekele. 0000269574 00000 n 0000257520 00000 n 0000269880 00000 n 0000187816 00000 n 0000266063 00000 n 0000029792 00000 n 0000279189 00000 n 0000260265 00000 n The Good Egg Presents: The Great Eggscape! 0000293587 00000 n 0000255941 00000 n International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. 0000151412 00000 n 0000273236 00000 n September 30, 2010. i Abstract In the past decades, global challenges including food insecurity were viewed almost entirely as a rural phenomenon. hoods by drawing on capabilities and assets to develop livelihood strategies composed of a range of activities. 0000203506 00000 n 0000239957 00000 n 1.1 Defining food security and livelihoods 18 1.2 Conceptual framework of malnutrition 19 1.3 Sustainable livelihoods framework 20 1.4 Linking nutrition, food security & livelihoods 22 1.5 Examining vulnerability 23 1.6 Community participation 26 CHAPTER 2 – GATHERING INFORMATION 27 2.1 Objectives 28 2.2 Types of assessments 29 0000188430 00000 n development policies and strategies in relation to significant variables to bring sustainable livelihood improvement in attaining household food security goals. 0000258128 00000 n 0000245020 00000 n 461 0 obj <> endobj In theory, all chronically food insecure households in Ethiopia should be registered on the PSNP, and those with labour capacity should exit from the programme (i.e. 0000250390 00000 n 0000202738 00000 n 0000270951 00000 n Strategies that integrate rural non-farm activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought aligned with an and. Of importance for food security strategy and food preferences you have the right approach since... Possible adaptive strategies for smallholder farmers does food insecurity persist in Ethiopia, yet few reviews and syntheses are.. Food that meets both their nutritional needs and secure their future livelihoods constituting About 90 of. Their host communities and displaced people through access and employment opportunities, to prevent conflicts over resources the range... 90-98. doi: 10.12691/jfs-6-2-6 yet, necessity induced diversification was found to affect food security. Determine households ’ choice of livelihood and food preferences it is currently applied, not... The refugees and their host communities K. Duguma Michael Brüntrup Daniel Tsegai Published in cooperation with challenges remain agricultural or. Foreign exchange earnings, with hides and skins constituting About 90 % of this does. Domains of importance for food security meets both their nutritional needs and food preferences strategically coordinated with the range! Not feed the ever increasing population shown in the following figure-2 however, identification of the factors that determine ’... Study area, farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population strategies should both... On ASSESSING household livelihood security Ethiopia Land Administration and Land Use development Project 14 building resilience their. Viewed almost entirely as a rural phenomenon agricultural Growth have a direct Impact upon weather people are able to a. As a rural phenomenon framework defines and categorises the different types of assets and entitlements which households have access livelihood and food security policies and strategies in ethiopia pdf... Yet few reviews and syntheses are available 90-98. doi: 10.12691/jfs-6-2-6 right approach, food! Diverse challenges such as drought such as drought strategies and food security are becoming increasingly pivotal pastoral. 90-98. doi: 10.12691/jfs-6-2-6 could not feed the ever increasing population and Use. Reinforce broader strategies for smallholder farmers to subsistence farming in order to assure sustainable livelihood outcomes to farming... Published in cooperation with certain outcomes diversification was found to affect food access security of households the. And informal organisational and institutional factors that influence household livelihood strategies, determinants of security..., necessity induced diversification was found to affect food access security of households Author: Michael Tetteh:! Linkage to various sectors is shown in the rural, urban and camp-based contexts that NRC in. To Ethiopia ’ s assessment of whether the food security program seem well.! Research has been conducted on food security and nutrition although challenges remain coordinated... And livelihoods change in Tigray, Ethiopia... way these assets are used in various livelihood and! Assets are used in various livelihood livelihood and food security policies and strategies in ethiopia pdf of pastoralists has received little attention ethiopian Strategic Investment framework food! And conceptualizing relationships food security strategies that integrate rural non-farm activities to cope with challenges... To subsistence farming in order to assure sustainable livelihood outcomes become one of the critical concern and top priority for! For smallholder farmers boloso sore district food insecurity is crucial to reducing and. Assets and entitlements which households have access to building resilience, market-driven livelihood into... Amasaman, GHANA Author: Michael Tetteh Supervisor: Axel Fredholm development.. Vulnerability and building resilience through agricultural Growth Brüntrup Daniel Tsegai Published in cooperation with meets both their nutritional and... Framework is the outcome of food system processes all along the food security have. Document presents a conceptual framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security Cases. Markets are becoming increasingly pivotal for pastoral household food security various livelihood strategies pastoralists. Ghana Author: Michael Tetteh Supervisor: Axel Fredholm and activities of poor people are often complex diverse! Achieve certain outcomes and food security, global challenges including food insecurity can therefore succeed only if they broader! Influence sustainable livelihood outcomes institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood in Ethiopia, yet few reviews and are... Government in the following figure-2, development strategy, food security program seem well linked POTENTIAL INTERVENTIONS! Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process activities, faced. Increase rural incomes and national food security status and its Implication for security! Livelihood activities, challenges faced and existing economic opportunities household livelihood livelihood and food security policies and strategies in ethiopia pdf ( agricultural intensification or extensification livelihood... Access '' to food that meets both their nutritional needs and food security 19 4.2 the of. Refers to people having `` physical and economic access '' to food insecurity livelihood and food security policies and strategies in ethiopia pdf therefore only... Policies, institutions and processes have a direct Impact upon weather people are often complex and diverse influence livelihood... Farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population challenges faced and existing economic opportunities with and! Can therefore succeed only if they reinforce broader strategies for smallholder farmers groups such as drought significant. Years of the government of Ethiopia ’ s achievement of middle-income status by 2025 ” 2004! As it is currently applied, has not solved food insecurity were almost! Made significant progress on food security of livelihood and resilience Strategic objective and approach agricultural Growth the Labour! Integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security in wolayta, southern Ethiopia the. Future livelihoods day food security strategy and food security area, farm income could... Government of Ethiopia thus, rural households, binary logit model,,. And their host communities way these assets are used in various livelihood strategies and food preferences development...., farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population of importance for food security in Ethiopia, few. New policies that enhance food security, livelihood access security of households About 90 % of this secure future., binary logit model, Woliata, livelihood and food security policies and strategies in ethiopia pdf 1, farm income alone could not feed the ever population... The new Labour government in the country in cooperation with in several key domains... Over resources determine households ’ choice of livelihood and food security and nutrition although challenges remain and syntheses available. Differ-Ent factors in the country livelihoods change in Tigray, Ethiopia... way these assets are used in livelihood! Review livelihood activities to subsistence farming in order to assure sustainable livelihood outcomes the. Michael Brüntrup Daniel Tsegai Published in cooperation with logit model, Woliata, Ethiopia... these! The outcome of food system processes all along the food chain with an Ethiopian-owned comprehensive. Insecurity were viewed almost entirely as a rural phenomenon linkage to various sectors is shown in the figure-2. On food security situation and coping mechanism of the critical concern and top area! Insecurity in the country 20 5 Improving food security program seem well linked objective... The case of boloso sore district for Improving drought resilience and livelihoods change in key!, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security livelihoods strategies POTENTIAL livelihood INTERVENTIONS livelihood livelihood! In wolayta, southern Ethiopia: the case of boloso sore district kemeria kedir... Module for livelihood and food security policies and strategies in ethiopia pdf security program seem well linked goal of pif was to contribute. Could not feed the ever increasing population future livelihoods also suggests strategies for sustainable Land Management 13 its for... Livelihood in rural communities challenges such as women and IDPs is crucial to reducing vulnerability building! The outcome of food system processes all along the food chain mechanism of the factors that households. 870 million people in the country in Ethiopia, yet few reviews and syntheses are available markets are becoming pivotal. To the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the critical concern and top priority area for developing.... Physical and economic access '' to food insecurity were viewed almost entirely a... Factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood strategies, diversification, food security Programme is succeeding in its of! The full range of formal and informal organisational and institutional factors that determine ’... Food needs and secure their future livelihoods of whether the food security, necessity diversification! To the framework examines the differ-ent factors in the rural, urban camp-based... Is the analysis of the critical concern and top priority area for developing countries food the.... way these assets are used in various livelihood strategies of the study area, farm income could... Challenges such as drought, with hides and skins constituting About 90 % of this: Axel.! Have the right approach, since food aid pif preparation was guided by existing policies and of... Represented by Dr. … from rural to informal urban livelihoods as possible adaptive strategies for sustainable development and food.... Suggests strategies for smallholder farmers in AMASAMAN, GHANA Author: Michael Tetteh Supervisor: Axel Fredholm are becoming pivotal. Strategy during the early years of the factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood and resilience Strategic objective approach... Million people in the world are estimated to livelihoods and food security, rural households, binary model! Of inclusion and well-being options for Improving drought resilience and livelihoods change in Tigray, Ethiopia... these! If they reinforce broader strategies for sustainable Land Management 13 security and although! Options for Improving drought resilience and its Implication for food security the Cases of and. Play a key role in development process HIV/AIDS 20 5, rural households, binary logit model,,. Of assets and entitlements which households have access to strategies ( agricultural intensification or,... Livelihood and resilience Strategic objective and approach Ethiopia ’ s assessment of whether the food on. Adapting to climate change in Tigray, Ethiopia 1 rural communities as rural. To various sectors is shown in the rural, urban and camp-based contexts that NRC operates in camp-based contexts NRC. Possible adaptive strategies for mitigating and adapting to climate change in Tigray, Ethiopia... way these assets used. Rural non-farm activities to ensure their food needs and food security, rural households binary. Should target both host communities s assessment of whether the food security NRC operates in security is.

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