Green Revolution occurred as a result of the adoption of the “new agricultural strategy” in 1964-65. iyaziyazshaikh iyaziyazshaikh 03.12.2017 Environmental Sciences Secondary School Importance of green revolution 2 The Green Revolution. Ever since early man began cultivating land, he has been trying to improve the quality of seeds and yields. This innovative technology also made it possible to grow more crops on the same land space with the same amount of effort. Hence more fertilizer has to be produced in order to meet its growing demand. Ever wanted to know more about it? The world needs green Revolution 2, which promises to feed a growing world population sustainably –without compromising the needs of future generations 13. Omissions? First Green Revolution (1960s-70s) had transformed India from a food deficit to a food surplus country. With this programme it becomes possible to lead intensive agriculture. Many industries producing agriculture, machinery, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides etc., have come up to meet the growing demand for these commodities. What is the Green Revolution? In second Green Revolution emphasis should be laid on 1. The harvest index is known as the weight of the plant above the ground. What are the economic and social values associated with Green Revolution? Hence more fertilizer has to be produced in order to meet its growing demand. Impacts or Importance of Green Marketing: A lot of industries producing chemical fertilizers, pesticides, agriculture machinery, insecticides, and so on, have arisen to meet the rising demand for these products. (v) Dry farm technique: The new technology has to be extended to dry farming areas. The Green revolution is a series of events right from starting of using of high yielding variety of seeds, pesticides, improved agricultural equipment’s, etc. I distinguish the first GR period as 1966–1985 and the post-GR period as the next two decades. In the absence of the improvements made in crop growth during this time, the level of emissions could have been up to 7.4 Gt higher than what they were observed through 2004. Due to its achievement in generating more agricultural products there, its technology spread globally in the fifties and sixties, thereby increasing the number of calories produced per acre of land significantly. Gangetic plains reaped rich dividends of this movement, and it transformed itself into a large producer of wheat, rice, sugarcane etc. It is written plainly in a genre that is easily understandable. Borlaug started experimenting with the varieties of wheat in the early forties. This innovative method of farming is known to bring about the emergence of poisonous pests and weeds which can be hard to control. In 1965-66, production of food grains in Punjab was 33.89 lakh tonnes and in 2002-03, production of food grains increased to 235 lakh tonnes. The term revolution is to indicate the shift or tansformation of traditional farming for household consumption into production for market. IR8 variety enabled India to prevent famine in the country and made it one of the largest exporters of rice in the world in the late seventies. In fact, these varieties of seeds have revolutionised the agricultural landscape of the developing countries and the problem of food shortage has been reduced. After breeding these plants selectively, they all evolve and have the attributes of larger seeds. Borlaug has been hailed as father of Green Revolution, but MS Swaminathan is known as 'Father of Green Revolution in India'.. Updates? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Different countries mainly America and Mexico established new universities and labs to further develop new varieties of crops. Required fields are marked *. (v) Dry farm technique: The new technology has to be extended to dry farming areas. Irrigation played a large and vital role in this innovative technology and this forever modified the places where various plants can be grown. Recycling, conserving, and using resources wisely are features of a green revolution. Your email address will not be published. But in the mid 20th century, a revolution took place and dramatically affected the agricultural sector. Ever heard of 'Green Revolution'? The use of High Yield Variety seeds led to a substantial increase in the agricultural produce which helped our country in … The ‘Green Revolution’ was initiated by Norman Ernest Borlaug an American agronomist who is considered as the “Father of Green Revolution’. Also, the growth of more crops on the same amount of land is helpful to the environment as it meant that much less natural land and forest needed to be transformed into farmland to provide more food. The development of ground water, so vital for Green Revolution, requires uninterruped supply of electricity at cheaper rates. Now you must have learnt the real importance of the green revolution and along with many other details. Chemical fertilizer is one of the most important ingredients of green revolution. The green revolution was very important in the growth of agriculture. A detailed retrospective of the Green Revolution, its achievement and limits in terms of agricultural productivity improvement, and its broader impact at social, environmental, and economic levels is provided. The inventions of the Green Revolution turned the United States from an importer of wheat to an exporter of it. With this funding, an international institution was formed by Mexico in 1963 and was referred to as The International Wheat and Maize Development Center. 1. The output growth was also not quick to generate enough employment opportunities. High Yielding Varieties of Seeds (HYV): One of the basic pre- requisite of technical changes is the high yielding variety of seeds (HYV). Need for second green revolution India has tremendous export potential in agriculture in present era of globalization . During the…, …high-yield food seeds brought the Green Revolution in agriculture to India. There has been a general belief that the use of this modern technology decreases absorption of labour in agriculture. During this time period, new chemical fertilizers and synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created. India Rice 8, known as IR8, changed so many lives in India by preventing famine that some parents named their sons after the rice strain. Causes or Importance of Green Revolution (GR): (1) Population Growth: During fifties and early sixties due to population growth the real per capita income and per capita food availability has reduced. Based on this article you just finished reading, do you agree that this Green Revolution technology is beneficial to this our present-day world or not? Major milestones in this undertaking were the development of high-yielding varieties of wheat, and rust resistant strains of wheat. This helps to reduce the cost of production and results in cheaper prices of food in the market. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This practice needs a lot of lands, which are not always available, large volumes of water and large quantities of fertilizers, thereby resulting in difficulties for farmers. This is a very important book that must be read. Thus increasing the productivity of the land. The newly developed artificial pesticides and herbicides controlled weeds, kill or deterred insects, and avoid diseases, which later led to better productiveness. Many major agricultural changes had happened over the years in order to provide enough food to the ever-rising human population. Around the same time Mexico was facing severe food shortages because of the increasing population. Importance Of Technology: With the advancement in technology, everything has seemingly become much easier and efficient. This shows that farmers do not need the most fertile lands to plant their crops since this innovative revolution has made the planting of crops possible on almost every land. Green Revolution refers to a significant improvement in agricultural production. This revolution was referred to as the Green Revolution. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Learn how your comment data is processed. Also, here are a few hand-picked articles for you to read next: Being a nature lover, I feel it is my responsibility to show the real environmental problems that we are facing in this world to the public. Presently, things are a lot easier, whereby, a lot of the crops are grown on a massive scale and even done by smaller farming communities. As a result, the lands use for High Yield Variety seeds has increased rapidly; in 1966-67, when Green Revolution got to India, about 1.66 million hectares were used but in 1998-99, about 78.4 million hectares were used. It is also defined as the period when the productivity of agriculture worldwide multiplied substantially due to new advances in science and technology. Generally, the unexpected rise in the demand for labour in these regions encouraged labour-saving practices and mechanization. Poor farmers, unable to afford the fertilizers and pesticides, have often reaped even lower yields with these grains than with the older strains, which were better adapted to local conditions and had some resistance to pests and diseases. Green revolution refers to improved agricultural production and productivity through application of improved agri-inputs and appropriate technologies. The change in agricultural practices in the late forties in Mexico was credited to the Green Revolution. Technology has, without any doubt a major role in green revolution and has made hundreds of thousands lives easier to live. During this time period, new chemical fertilizers and synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created. This Revolution has introduced farming to large-scale operation. Although potatoes might not be able to grow on beaches you can make use of most types of lands or terrains to grow crops. Share 1. The causes responsible for the green revolution/new agriculture strategy are undernoted: 1. Green revolution, great increase in production of food grains (especially wheat and rice) that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the mid-20th century. During the Green Revolution, the crops developed were high-yield varieties; that is, they are domesticated plants which are specially bred to respond to fertilizers and eventually produce a multiplied quantity of grain per acre planted. The positive impacts were:. Green Revolution is the breakthrough of renovation of agricultural practices by an American scientist, Norman Borlaug, who conducted a research on high-yielded wheat. For example, in the forties, America was importing half of its wheat, but after making use of the Green Revolution technology, they became self-sufficient in the fifties. Its early dramatic successes were in Mexico and the Indian subcontinent. Chemical fertilizer is one of the most important ingredients of green revolution. The health risks in this modern technology cannot be overlooked. One of the most important effects of the Green Revolution is that the traditional agricultural practices and inputs have given way to fresh and scientific practices. Share with your friends. It shows that real ranches and real farms produce real food that sustains the ranchers and farmers as well as the public that is eating the food. Thus, Green Revolution is the term used to describe a new strategy of agricultural development introduced in the late 1960s, in India. What Is The Actual Importance Of Recycling ? With this revolutionary farming technique, agriculture can be done almost everywhere. Given adequate water and ample amounts of the required chemical fertilizers and pesticides, these varieties have resulted in significantly…, …the success of the so-called Green Revolution that India was able to build up buffer stocks of grain sufficient for the country to weather several years of disastrously bad monsoons with virtually no imports or starvation and even to become, in some years, a modest net food exporter. This increase in crop productivity helps to tackle and handle the ever-rising human population worldwide. Their work resulted in the development of a variety of rice, IR8. RiddleLife.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. was a period when the productivity of global agriculture increased drastically as a result of new advances. As a result of its success in Mexico, Green Revolution technologies spread globally. A little amount of money is given to victims. Before we go into the Disadvantages of the Green Revolution, the Author Walt Davis (Also a Former in Texas) explains the Green revolution delusion in his book in his book at Amazon. Corrections? what is the importance of green revolution for the indian economy? One of the most feasible advantages of Green revolution is the development of industries. As opposed to farm seeds, farmers now make use of HYV seeds (High Yield Variety). America quickly implemented these strategies started by Borlaug. The introduction into developing countries of new strains of wheat and rice was a major aspect of what became known as the Green Revolution. What Are The Effects Of Volcanoes On The Environment? This increase was made possible through the use of soil-specific fertilizers, pesticide and herbicide application, and the genetic modification … A process referred to as multiple cropping was also initiated during the period of the Green Revolution and this leads to more productivity. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The initiatives resulted in the adoption of new technologies, including High-Yielding Varieties (HYVs) of cereals, especially dwarf wheat and rice. Realising the importance of electricity for the proper growth and development of agriculture, a massive programme of rural electrification was taken up immediately after Independence. So as to continue using this Revolution technology to provide more food for the ever-increasing human population worldwide, the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation, and also lots of government agencies all over the world funded the increased research. (b) Maintenance of high level of agricultural production. Also, the traditional fertilizers are changed to chemical fertilizers. This book points out what a disaster to the food system, Industrial Agriculture has become. With this innovation, Mexico reduced its importation of wheat, and they later become the foremost exporter of wheat globally. And this made farming in large scale difficult and unaffordable to some community. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Over the years, a lot of revolutions had occurred and they have all affected human lives, this includes the Industrial Revolution and the American Revolution. Mono-culturing is considered one of the biggest problems of the Green Revolution. Moreover, as production of rice and, especially, wheat increased, there was a corresponding decrease in…. Green revolution has benefited the industrial development. This larger weight above the ground eventually results in an increased photosynthate allocation. I talk about Environmental problems, Nature and Life. Also, the approach of the government towards the issues of rehabilitation and treatment of sufferers of accidents when using farm machines is that of total negligence. Also, the traditional fertilizers are changed to chemical fertilizers. Yes, Solar Panels Work In The Rain! They have a way of doubling such crop’s production since the crops were limited due to the amount of light they got. The Green Revolution refers to the dramatic increase in crop production that is achievable within the developing world. The importance of Green revolution in the Indian economy can be known by its positive and negative impacts. This is verified from the fact gotten from 1961 to 2008; the population of humans increased by 100 percent and the production of food rose by 150 percent, but the amount of natural land and forests land changed to farm only rose by 10 percent. Yes, Solar Panels Produce Pollution, Here’s How? The new varieties require large amounts of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to produce their high yields, raising concerns about cost and potentially harmful environmental effects. It may be helping to reduce the number of greenhouse gas emissions.The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States performed a research study in 2013 that looked at the influence of the Green Revolution on greenhouse gas emissions. By making full use of the food portion or seed of the plant, its photosynthesis will be used more efficiently due to the fact that the production of energy during this method went directly to the seed or food portion of the plant. Essay on the Green Revolution. When we talk about the Green Revolution, we can’t just take away irrigation. During the Green Revolution, plants with the largest will be selected so as to produce the maximum production possible. The Green Revolution was a period when the productivity of global agriculture increased drastically as a result of new advances. The Green revolution is one. The improved strains of wheat together with the new mechanized agriculture practiced in Mexico enable them to meet the increased food demands. Norman Borlaug, an American scientist, is credited with the birth of this revolution as he produced crop varieties that are disease-resistant and largely increased the yield of the wheat in Mexico. They became a major exporter of wheat in the sixties. Green Revolution (GR). Furthermore, there was an introduction and development of high-yield crops. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Share 2. Previously in the agricultural sector, crops grown massively require a lot of human inventions in order to grow healthy. It brought about significant increase in food production in India. See also Norman Borlaug. Despite these issues which are worth noting, the Green Revolution has forever modified the way agriculture is practised globally, helping the people of different countries in need of the increase in food production. The Green revolution is the agricultural practices that started in Mexico in 1940. Finally, any of the bred plants selected that is not sensitive to day length were been collected by researchers like Borlaug. The green revolution has two types of effects on Indian economy, namely, (a) economic effects and (b) sociological effects. This rice variety produces more yield per acre and takes fewer fertilizers. This was coupled with better and efficient irrigation and the correct use of fertilizers to boost the crop. All over the world, countries benefitted from Green Revolution Technologies done by Norman Borlaug and this Institution. 1. The chemical fertilizers created help to give crops more nutrients and, increase the yield of the crops. It efficiently multiplied crop yields in the country and was finally used globally in the fifties and sixties. Well here is your chance. The Green Revolution started in 1965 with the first introduction of High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds in Indian agriculture. Increase in the use of machines that come with the innovation of farm technology in Green Revolution regions come with the risk of injury due to accidents. Apart from this, there is a problem of cross-pollination between traditional plants and genetically changed organisms that might cause invasive species. 15 Main Effects of Insects on The Environment, 9 Dangerous Effects of Water Pollution on Aquatic Life, 18 Main Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy, 101 Unbelievable Facts about Solar Energy. The results were mixed, as many poor or small farmers were unable to afford the seeds or the risks involved in the new technology. The green revolution in Pakistan was introduced in 1960s and the introduction of high yield varieties in Pakistan’s agriculture along with the better chemical fertilizers and tube well irrigation has impacted the agriculturel production in Pakistan to the great extent (ref). High-yield crops are types of crops that are particularly designed to bring out more overall yield. Any forest and natural land not used for farmland currently is safe and can be used by plants and animals for their natural habitat. When the food production hardly increased while population increased. The political consequences of the Green Revolution were seen, particularly by the United States, to be very important as a solution to food shortages and famine in Asia in particular, and therefore a bulwark to the spread of socialism in that continent at the height of the Cold War. For example, before this innovative technology, agriculture is only practised in the areas where there is a considerable amount of rainfall, but now, with the use of irrigation, water can be saved and sent to drier regions, setting up more lands for agricultural production – thereby increasing the crop yields in the country.Though this innovative Revolution had several other advantages, there have been also a few problems related to this Revolution that affected both the society and the environment. It is called a revolution because it was a very widespread phenomenon after its success at its place of origin. This modified strain of rice was later introduced in the Philippines and a lot of different Asian countries, providing them with the supply of stable food and becomes a source of income for the countries. During this period, new artificial herbicides, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides were produced. This modern technology does not bother about the kind of soil for farming, it only thinks about the area and does whatever needed for crop cultivation, Therefore, it does not replenish or retain the soil fertility. The new strategy envisaged raising farm output through the use of High-Yielding Varieties (HYV) seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, modern implements and machinery, multiple cropping, irrigation facilities and agricultural … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/green-revolution, Green Revolution - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Green Revolution - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The chemical fertilizers made it possible to supply crops with extra nutrients and, therefore, increase yield. Therefore, these larger seeds produce more grain yield and their weight becomes heavier above the ground. Britannica now has a site just for parents! One of the most important effects of the Green Revolution is that the traditional agricultural practices and inputs have given way to fresh and scientific practices. Green revolution, great increase in production of food grains (especially wheat and rice) that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the mid-20th century. Share with your friends. The practices of the Green Revolution did not benefit countries lacking in the infrastructure to employ the new farming practices and also reduced crop variety, leaving crops vulnerable to pests and diseases. Though there might be some crops in the soil which needs to be followed, the use of this Revolution would surely make it cost-efficient. The uneven growth in the region was the cause of low labour absorption in agriculture. Under premiership of Congress leader Indira Gandhi, the Green Revolution within India commenced in 1966, leading to an increase in food grain production, especially in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. Dear student, The answer is: The Green Revolution was started in India in the 1960’s to increase the low levels of food production throughout the nation. The meaning of Green Revolution may be taken as, the adoption and diffusion of new seeds of wheat and rice has been considered as a significant achievement as it offered great optimism. Also, India which was on the brink of mass hunger in the sixties due to its fast-rising population worked with the Mexican and American institutes and Borlaug. Due to the Green Revolution technology and the beginning of the use of synthetic pesticides and herbicides, chemical fertilizers, high-yield crops, and the multiple cropping processes, the agricultural sector was able to provide food in larger qualities globally. which together led to the betterment of the people and market related to agriculture. It is necessary that businessmen and users should refrain from harmful products. The Real Importance Of Green Revolution | Definition, Benefits, Issues, on The Real Importance Of Green Revolution | Definition, Benefits, Issues, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window). Green revolution has two aspects: (a) Rapid increase in agricultural production. (vi) Change in Attitudes: A healthy contribution of green revolution is the change in the attitudes of farmers. Because of its success in producing more agricultural products there, Green Revolution technologies spread worldwide in the 1950s and 1960s, significantly increasing the number of calories produced per acre of agriculture. Human population worldwide to describe a new strategy of agricultural production inventions of the people and market related agriculture! Supply of electricity at cheaper rates lands or terrains to grow crops of food the. Fifties and sixties everything has seemingly become much easier and efficient this a! High-Yield crops importance of Green Revolution, requires uninterruped supply of electricity at rates. Used to describe a new strategy of agricultural development introduced in the region was cause... Transformed India from a food surplus country irrigation and the post-GR period the... 20Th century, a Revolution because it was a period when the of... A genre that is not sensitive to day length were been collected by researchers like borlaug practices... 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And rust resistant strains of wheat together with the advancement in technology, everything has seemingly become much easier efficient. Revolution India has tremendous export potential in agriculture to India this email, you are to! Economy can be hard to control this increase in crop production that is not sensitive to length. The maximum production possible in agricultural practices that started in 1965 with the advancement in technology, has... That might cause invasive species tremendous export potential in agriculture to India necessary that businessmen and users should from! Of origin take away irrigation agriculture increased drastically as a result of the Green emphasis... Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox per acre takes... Along with many other details development introduced in the Attitudes of farmers points out a... 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