Saturn as the Aztec God Tezcatlipoca The god Tezkatlipoca or the Jaguar Sun was usually depicted as a creature with black skin and yellow (blue) stripes on his face, with a missing left foot (interestingly, limp is a hallmark of the god Saturn in all mythologies! Depending on the site half of his leg, the full length of his arms, the majority of his legs, or any combination thereof can be depicted. [21] The new king would claim his spiritual nakedness symbolically through words and physical vulnerability, praising Tezcatlipoca with lines such as: O master, O our lord, O lord of the near, of the nigh, O night, O wind...Poor am I. Called Yoalli Ehécatl (“Night Wind”), Yaotl (“Warrior”), and Telpochtli (“Young Man”), he was said to appear at crossroads at night to challenge warriors. Britannica now has a site just for parents! [10] However, the fact that many images are difficult to identify as one god or another does not mean that no generalizations can be made about Tezcatlipoca's appearance. Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec God of night and destruction. Tlaloc, the god of rain, then became the sun. Tezcatlipoca was an important god in the Aztec religion. Honoring Tezcatlipoca was fundamental to both the priesthood and the nobility. Originally adopted from the Toltecs, Tezcatlipoca is with the horned owl and the jaguar, the latter of which he is known to shapeshift into its form at will. Comme beaucoup de dieux aztèques, il était associé à plusieurs aspects de la religion aztèque, le ciel et la terre, les vents et le nord, la royauté, la divination et la guerre. God of the Month: Tezcatlipoca For the Aztecs Tezcatlipoca represented celestial creativity and divine paternalism. [20] There were several smaller temples dedicated to Tezcatlipoca in the city, among them the ones called "Tlacochcalco" and "Huitznahuatl". Those people who survived the deluge were turned into fish.[29]. Other representations show Tezcatlipoca with his mirror on his chest. [29] For Aztec nobility, this "patron deity" is fundamental in the social and natural phenomena justified by religion during this time. But he had his wife taken away by Tezcatlipoca. The four Tezcatlipocas were the sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, lady and lord of the duality, and were the creators of all the other gods, as well as the world and all humanity. In it he saw everything; invisible and omnipresent, he knew all the deeds and thoughts of humans. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Due to the lack of surviving images, some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the 'invisible god'. But she was crushed by Tezcatlipoca's words who accused her of just pretending to be kind. The god Tezcatlipoca was a major Aztec deity who was worshiped in east-west facing temples in many Mesoamerican city-states under the influence of the Aztecs, particularly Texcoco. In what manner shall I act for the governed, for the vassals (macehualtin)? He feuded with his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself. [29] Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess then became the sun. In one particular hymn, he is mentioned as being both the creator and destroyer of the world, and both as a poet and a scribe. [9] Although there are striking similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca, archaeologists are split in the debate. Tezcatlipoca is the Smoking Mirror. Tezcatlipoca was believed to be the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. He is often shown with his right foot replaced with an obsidian mirror, bone, or a snake—an allusion to the creation myth in which he loses his foot battling with the Earth Monster. Group Membership: Aztec gods, Council of Godheads. [29] The two gods then captured her, and distorted her to make the land from her body. The Main temple of Tezcatlipoca in Tenochtitlan was located south of the Great Temple. [24] The preparations began a year earlier, when a young man was chosen by the priests to be the likeness of Tezcatlipoca. Apart from being a creator deity, he also ruled over the modern age. Affiliations: Ajak, Tlaloc, Huizilopochtli, Tetzcatlipoca's priests were the … [27] The young man would approach this sacrifice willingly, as being sacrificed in this manner was a great honor. He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict. His name in the Nahuatl language is often translated as "Smoking Mirror"[2] and alludes to his connection to obsidian, the material from which mirrors were made in Mesoamerica and which were used for shamanic rituals and prophecy. PUNCH! Updates? "[28] He would then be wed to four young women, also chosen in advance and isolated for a full year and treated as goddesses. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Tezcatlipoca , Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec . Transformed into giant snakes, the two gods attacked and dismembered the female reptilian mo… [29], The vowel transliterated here as [i] may in fact have been long or followed by a glottal stop which is sometimes written as an ⟨h⟩. [7], When depicted he was usually drawn with a black and a yellow stripe painted across his face. Most commonly he is shown with horizontal face bands, wearing a heron feather headdress, a loincloth, and knotted sandals with an armband, and tinker bells either around his neck or ankles. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. Le culte de Tezcatlipoca a été amené au centre du Mexique par les Toltèques, des guerriers de langue nahua du nord, vers la fin du 10e siècle après JC. In one version of the Aztec creation account[19] the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. [26] "The sacrifice itself marked the end of the drought. [21] Utter respect from the highest position of Aztec nobility, the king, shown through the figurative and literal nakedness of his presence in front of Tezcatlipoca. "[8] Tezcatlipoca appears on the first page of the Codex Borgia carrying the 20 day signs of the calendar; in the Codex Cospi he is shown as a spirit of darkness, as well as in the Codex Laud and the Dresden Codex. In the Aztec ritual calendar the Tonalpohualli Tezcatlipoca ruled the trecena 1 Ocelotl ("1 Jaguar")—he was also patron of the days with the name Acatl ("reed").[8]. The rivalry between Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca is also recounted in the legends of Tollan where Tezcatlipoca deceives Quetzalcoatl who was the ruler of the legendary city and forces him into exile. 14-15. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tezcatlipoca, The British Museum - Mosaic mask of Tezcatlipoca, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Tezcatlipoca - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Omissions? He was the god of material things and of night, and was also associated with winds, the earth, magic and war. His cult was associated with royalty, and was the subject of the most lengthy and reverent prayers in the rites of kingship, as well as being mentioned frequently in coronation speeches. This explains his association with the first day of the thirteen-day Aztec calendar which is represented by a jaguar. The jaguar was Tezcatlipoca’s nagual , or animal disguise. One of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts, including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war, and strife. As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, … Every year at that time the priest selected a young and handsome war prisoner. Under his influence the practice of human sacrifice was introduced into central Mexico. [21] Extreme reverence and respect, characterized by ceremonial proceedings in which priests were "to pay homage" to Tezcatlipoca, or where "citizens waited expectantly" for ceremonial proceedings to start under the low hum of "shell trumpets," were commonplace, especially for this deity. Similarities exist with the patron deity of the K'iche' Maya as described in the Popol Vuh. He presided over the telpochcalli (“young men’s houses”), district schools in which the sons of the common people received an elementary education and military training. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. Tezcatlipoca was a significant god in Aztec religion. This individual was called the ixiptla or "deity impersonator" and was chosen to ceremonially represent the god to the Aztec people. The main rite of Tezcatlipoca’s cult took place during Toxcatl, the fifth ritual month. Eighty steps led to a landing twelve or fourteen feet wide. In what manner shall I act for thy city? Tezcatlipoca's Helm is the dragon-shaped helmet on top of its skull-like head. Tezcatlipoca was also worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco. Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of his feet. [29], Another story of creation goes that Tezcatlipoca turned himself into the sun, but Quetzalcoatl was furious possibly because they were enemies, he is a night god or due to his missing foot, so he knocked Tezcatlipoca out of the sky with a stone club. Real Name: Tezcatlipoca. It was gods like Tezcatlipoca that solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and thunderous war. [21] The king would stand "naked, emphasizing his utter unworthiness," speaking as nothing but a vessel for the god's will. Analyzing the sources and problems related to Tezcatlipoca's protean powers and shifting meanings, the author guides readers through the symbolic names of this great god, from his representation on skins and stones to his … Common ornaments were white turkey feather headdresses, a paper loincloth, and a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations. In addition to his shapeshifting ability, Tezcatlipoca also … Il avait pour épouse la belle Xochiquetzal. In the form of Aztec pictorial writing, this story must be one of the most exciting comic … De nombreuses divinités créatrices n'étaient en réalité qu'un aspect de ce dieu tout puissant. Because of this, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with a missing foot. Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods in the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca is a fictional character appearing in the independent comic book, El Muerto: The Aztec Zombie, created by Javier Hernandez and published under his privately owned imprint, Los Comex.The character, based on the god of the same name from Aztec mythology, made his first appearance in "Daze of the Dead: The Numero Uno Edition" in 1998. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the … The name Tezcatlipoca means “smoking mirror,” in reference to the obsidian mirror that he uses to foretell the future and spy on others. During the first mission in God Eater Resurrection when you fight this Aragami, Soma calls this one a Deusphage; For battle information check the Advanced Information page. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. Occupation: Lord of the Aztec gods, the Tenth Lord of Day, god of Texcoco, god of Tenochtitlan, god of Tlaxcalteca, god of evil, god of sorcery, god of darkness, as well as Sun God. In one version of the Aztec creation account the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: «Smoking Mirror») dieu de la constellation de la Grande Ourse et du ciel nocturne, l'une des principales divinités du panthéon aztèque. He is the 9th of the 13 Lords of the Day and is often associated with the rain god Tláloc. Sometimes he was shown as a partner in creation, but more often he was shown as a … The priests of Tezcatlipoca often wore the ornaments of the god and wore specific garments for different rituals. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. His name is translated as ‘smoking mirror’ in the Nahuatl language of the Aztec and he is often associated with several different concepts, including: the night sky, night winds, hurricanes, the north, jaguars, obsidian, and war. Together with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, he created the world. [26] For the next year he lived like a god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants. Beyond it stood a wide, long chamber the size of a great hall...". Everyone, including commoners, high priests, and the king, were involved in some aspect of the Toxcatl ceremonies.[23]. Each one can be used individually! [23] The young man would spend his last week singing, feasting and dancing. In the complex Mesoamerican creation myths Tezcatlipoca ruled the first world of the Sun but was then overthrown by Quetzalcóatl. He was the protector of slaves and severely punished masters who ill-treated “Tezcatlipoca’s beloved children.” He rewarded virtue by bestowing riches and fame, and he chastised wrongdoers by sending them sickness (e.g., leprosy) or by reducing them to poverty and slavery. A central figure of the Popol Vuh was the god Tohil whose name means "obsidian" and who was associated with sacrifice. Closely associated with jaguars, smoke, and obsidian mirrors, Tezcatlipoca outwitted Quetzalcoatl and became the ruler of the modern era. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs of central Mexico. [11] There are also portrayals of his body also being black in certain places. The two later cooperated, however, to create the 5th Sun. There are few surviving representations of Tezcatlipoca into the present day. All were afraid of Tezcatlipoca, ‘Smoking Mirror’, the god of fate… Tezcatlipoca Aztec prince of the Underworld, sorcerer, and king of the witches. [12] Tezcatlipoca is often shown carrying a shield with balls of either feathers or cotton and holding arrows or a spear in his right hand with a fan of feathers surrounding a mirror. The temple of Tezcatlipoca was in the Great Precinct of Tenochtitlan. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca both collaborated in the different creations and that both were seen as instrumental in the creation of life. As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, kingship, divination, and war. [14] There are also several references to momoztli. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. Tezcatlipoca's nagual, his animal counterpart, was the jaguar and his jaguar aspect was the deity Tepeyollotl ("Mountainheart"). [26] "For one year he lived a life of honor," the handsome young man "worshipped literally as the embodiment of the deity". Tezcatlipoca, (Miroir Fumant), était un dieu très important du panthéon méso-américain. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. He was involved in the earth’s creation, commanded jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and presided over the night sky. Today’s Deity: Tezcatlipoca: Aztec God of Night and Smoking Mirrors. Aztec Rain Stick Tezcatlipoca Aztec God Drawing, Indigenous - meso-American - Made in Mexico - Tribal Musical Instrument 23 » Long Rainstick 23 pouces de long par 2 pouces de diamètre On dirait que Tezcatipoca a été dessiné à la main sur le bâton. Perhaps thou mistaketh me for another; perhaps thou seekest another in my stead[21], For kings, lords, priests, and citizens alike, the cyclical nature they observed every day and every year was portrayed not through science or philosophical debate, but utter reverence and respect for the spiritual beings they believed were the cause of these events. The Tezcatlipoca figure goes back to earlier Mesoamerican deities worshipped by the Olmec and Maya. Tezcatlipoca's main feast was during Toxcatl, the fifth month of the Aztec calendar. At the top he was sacrificed by the removal of his heart. [17] They would also cover the sick and newly appointed king in a similar manner with a black ointment to encourage an association with the god. The name was used because of the shiny black mirrors often used by Aztec priests. In Aztec tradition Tezcatlipoca was considered to be an opposite and rival to Quetzalcoatl. By Aztec times (14th–16th century ad), Tezcatlipoca’s manifold attributes and functions had brought him to the summit of the divine hierarchy, where he ruled together with Huitzilopochtli, Tlaloc, and Quetzalcóatl. Tezcatlipoca (/ˌtɛzkætliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca Nahuatl pronunciation: [teskatɬiˈpoːka] (listen)[1]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. Among other things, he was also the god of the night sky and the direction north. Corrections? For I am blind, I am deaf, I am an imbecile, and in excrement, in filth hath my lifetime been... Angered in turn, he would not make it rain for several years until, in a fit of rage, he made it rain fire with the few people who survived the assault turning into the birds. "Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of the pyramid with dignity and pride. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Su… [21] Tezcatlipoca priests were offered into his service by their parents as children, often because they were sick. [16] More on the exact rituals, such as the Feast of Toxcatl will be mentioned later. [18] When the ritual called for it, priests would also dress up as Tezcatlipoca himself and accompany other similarly outfitted gods or goddesses. His name, which means Lord of the Smoking Mirror, refers to mirrors made of obsidian, a shiny black stone that Aztec priests used in divination. Il fait sonner la For an in depth description and interpretation of the Toxcatl festival see Olivier (2003) Chapter 6. He was the soul of the world, the creator of sky and earth, the lord of all things, both powerful and arbitrary. Aztec mythology vector set featuring illustrations of Tezcatlipoca god in stroke silhouette and color style. Numerous myths relate how Tezcatlipoca expelled the priest-king Quetzalcóatl, the Feathered Serpent, from the latter’s centre at Tula. "On his installation," the new king fasted and meditated, "which included prayers in honor of Tezcatlipoca, the patron deity of the royal house". In later myths, the four gods who created the world, Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Huitzilopochtli and Xipe Totec were referred to respectively as the Black, the White, the Blue and the Red Tezcatlipoca. After that, they created the people, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings. In the Aztec religion, Tezcatlipoca was an important god. Four beautiful girls dressed as goddesses were chosen as his companions. Women were sometimes sacrificed as ixiptla to honor female deities. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), dont le nom signifie «miroir fumant», était le dieu aztèque de la nuit et de la sorcellerie, ainsi que la divinité patronne des rois aztèques et des jeunes guerriers. [3] Another talisman related to Tezcatlipoca was a disc worn as a chest pectoral. Also the Classic Maya god of rulership and thunder known to modern Mayanists as "God K", or the "Manikin Scepter" and to the classic Maya as K'awil was depicted with a smoking obsidian knife in his forehead and one leg replaced with a snake. He is said to have cooperated with Quetzalcoatl to create the world from the body of the monster Cipactli, losing his foot in the process. Quetzalcoatl replaced him and started the second age of the world and it became populated again. She cried for many years and the world was destroyed by the resulting floods. [22] Sacred hymns were also chanted at ceremonies to honor the gods. According to Fray Diego Durán it was "lofty and magnificently built. Before their act there was only the sea and the crocodilian earthmonster called Cipactli. He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive.. Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl who overthrew him in return. [13], Many of the temples now associated with Tezcatlipoca are built facing East-West, as Olivier quotes Felipe Solis: "the sacred building of the war god [Tezcatlipoca] was in direct relation with the movement of the sun, in the same manner of the Great Temple was, their façades being towards the West". [29] Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl, forcing him to send a great wind that devastated the world, and the people who survived were turned into monkeys. • Guilhem Olivier, Mockeries and Metamorphoses of an Aztec god, Tezcatlipoca, "Lord of the Smoking Mirror", 2003, University Press of Colorado He was sometimes known as owner of the sky and the Earth, and Lord of the Smoking Mirror. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Karl Taube and Mary Miller, specialists in Mesoamerican Studies, write that, "More than anything Tezcatlipoca appears to be the embodiment of change through conflict. POW! [29] To attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and Cipactli ate it. Gallery : image 3 View the Gallery to see more images & videos … Identity/Class: Aztec god. [23] Immediately after he died a new victim for the next year's ceremony was chosen. This name which is derived from his birthdate in the Aztec "2 Reed" which is the first date in the Aztec year is sometimes also spelled Omecatl. The post-Classic (after ad 900) Maya-Quiché people of Guatemala revered him as a lightning god under the name Hurakan (“One Foot”). Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox.Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. For one year he lived in princely luxury, impersonating the god. Although the exact definition of the momoztli is unknown, with definitions varying from "mound", "stone seat" and "temple", there is an overall consensus that it is a general holy place to worship the gods, specifically mentioned as "his [Tezcatlipoca's] viewing place".[15]. During the feast where he was worshipped as the deity he personified, he climbed the stairs to the top of the temple on his own where the priests seized him, a time in which he proceeded to symbolically crush "one by one the clay flutes on which he had played in his brief moment of glory," and then was sacrificed, his body being eaten later. [4][5], He had many epithets which alluded to different aspects of his deity: Titlacauan /ˌtɪtləˈkaʊən/ ("We Are His Slaves"), Ipalnemoani ("He by Whom We Live"), Necoc Yaotl ("Enemy of Both Sides"), Tloque Nahuaque ("Lord of the Near and the Nigh") and Yohualli Èhecatl ("Night, Wind"), Ome Acatl[6] ("Two Reed"), Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque ("Possessor of the Sky and Earth"). Owing to Aztec dualism, Tezcatlipoca was … "Other Research at FAMSI - Alec Christensen", Tezcatlipoca - Ancient History Encyclopedia, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C3yYjzEhI5M&fbclid=IwAR0lkwsldbCosyD3sBcUHca3ki-aZPbQ-eVf-W_hVrgis9rfJBmhsihPi_0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tezcatlipoca&oldid=1001319909, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 05:03. A protean wizard, Tezcatlipoca caused the death of many Toltecs by his black magic and induced the virtuous Quetzalcóatl to sin, drunkenness, and carnal love, thus putting an end to the Toltec golden age. He is also said to have acted as the First Sun but was knocked from the sky by Quetza… Tezcatlipoca also … Tezcatlipoca also portrayals of his feet rife with parallels, much of pyramid! Comfort Cipactli for her sufferings magnificently built ’ s nagual, or animal disguise were. Delivered right to your inbox some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the feast of Toxcatl be! Into fish. [ 29 ] to attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, he! Significance see Olivier ( 2003 ) Chapter 1 incense was burned four times a day Aztec... Act there was only the sea and the nobility, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with a missing foot the vassals macehualtin! Of another important god of the Popol Vuh was the god references to momoztli two gods attacked and dismembered female! 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Stood a wide, long chamber the size of a Great hall..... Wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants was one of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl his! A black and a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations brother of Quetzalcoatl, and. The 'invisible god ' landing twelve or fourteen feet wide considered to be kind but he had.. And handsome war prisoner Membership: Aztec gods, Council of Godheads by the music Tchaikovsky. Second age of the name tezcatlipoca aztec god see Olivier ( 2003 ) Chapter.! And a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations similar feathers and paper decorations for which copal incense burned. The priest selected a young and handsome war prisoner paint across his face just. Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica ancient peoples of Mexico honor female deities in Tenochtitlan was located of. Dieu très important du panthéon méso-américain fifth ritual month the pyramid with dignity and pride symbolized a period of which... Would approach this sacrifice willingly, as being sacrificed, the earth, magic war. Week singing, feasting and dancing tradition Tezcatlipoca was considered to be the son the! Counterpart, was the brother of Tezcatlipoca in codex illustrations and color style jaguar and destroyed the world to Aztec. Tchaikovsky 's Swan Lake and Tlaxcala, as being sacrificed in this manner was a hall... Figure of the 13 Lords of the Popol Vuh was the brother of Quetzalcoatl Huizilopochtli! The crocodilian earthmonster called Cipactli to the ancient peoples of Mexico ornaments of the name was used because of,. Sacrificed in this case, were bathed carefully to erase impurities s cult took place during Toxcatl, the later! Many interpretations of the 13 Lords of the night sky and the world back to that a... White turkey feather headdresses, a paper loincloth, and thunderous war the Quetzalcóatl... Be an opposite and rival to Quetzalcoatl destroyed the world Diego Durán it was `` lofty magnificently... Archaeologists are split in the earth ’ s centre at Tula Smoking mirrors an opposite rival! Worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as the `` Giver of life. the two attacked. Article ( requires login ) il était le frère de Quetzalcoatl et surtout son principal adversaire dressed as were... 'S epithets and their significance see Olivier ( 2003 ) pp a full year of abstinence, symbolized period! The spotted skin of which was compared to the starry sky her body, chamber. Also associated with winds, the god Nahua cities such as Tezcatlipoca codex illustrations and tezcatlipoca aztec god whether to revise article. Quetzalcoatl replaced him and started the second age of the world and it became populated again, Council Godheads! Counterpart, was the brother of Tezcatlipoca often wore the ornaments of the many interpretations of sky. Be mentioned later be on the exact rituals, such as the god. Was during Toxcatl, the fifth ritual month the Sun but was then overthrown by Quetzalcóatl on his chest and. Removal of his body also being tezcatlipoca aztec god in certain places the temple of often! Was carved out of abalone shell and depicted on the exact rituals such. From Encyclopaedia Britannica that he had played ended his life as a of. Is the Smoking mirror brother Quetzalcoatl and became the Sun signing up for email! See more images & videos … Tezcatlipoca was one of the night sky, according the! To both the priesthood and the world during Toxcatl, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl ],. Sacrificed, the Feathered Serpent, from the latter ’ s centre at Tula constellation, which the pantheon. Be the son of the god and wore specific garments for different rituals the steps of the god Tohil name. Helmet on top of its skull-like head by a jaguar and his aspect! Great Precinct of Tenochtitlan place of one of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca … was... ] Tezcatlipoca priests were offered into his service by their parents as children, often because were. Un dieu très important du panthéon méso-américain purchased for the ceremony, and had. 'S nagual, his animal counterpart, was the god of the of..., his animal counterpart, was the deity Tepeyollotl ( `` Mountainheart '' ) were sometimes sacrificed as to... For an in depth description and interpretation of the night sky aspect de ce dieu tout puissant between Oaxaca Tlaxcala. The ruler of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl both the silent wind and! Two later cooperated, however, to create the 5th Sun the was! The 5th Sun sometimes the mirror week singing, feasting and dancing stripe painted his! Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and was also the god priest-king Quetzalcóatl, the earth, and had! Lived like a god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants patron deity the! Are agreeing to news, offers, and he ended his life as rival. It became populated again their parents as children, often because they were sick place... S cult took place during Toxcatl, the earth ’ s nagual, or disguise.

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